Milk has become the food with the most presence in our breakfast for many reasons. The main reason is the balanced nutritional contribution it provides, like other dairy products (cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese, butter, etc.), being a very interesting source of nutrients.
Milk has been part of our diet since the Neolithic period (c. 8000 BC) when we were able to control livestock. When deciding which is the best, different factors enter the scene such as its nutritional value, its production, and, of not, its flavor. Next, we will review the three types of cow’s milk: whole, semi-skimmed and skimmed, to discover which is the healthiest:
Semi- skimmed milk to keep weight at bay
The consumption of cow’s milk in Spain has been decreasing in recent years. According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, 3,500 tonnes of cow’s milk were consumed in 2010, while in 2017 the figure fell to 3,188 tonnes. This decrease in consumption is partly due to the popularity of vegetable drinks, which cannot be considered “milk”.
Another reason for the low consumption of cow’s milk is consumers’ concern to keep weight at bay. A glass (250 ml) of whole milk provides 100 calories and 5 grams of fat, of which 2.3 grams are saturated fats.
As a result of all this, the industry launched on the market varieties of cow’s milk with less fat such as skimmed and semi-skimmed milk. In this way, consumers could continue to enjoy the benefits of this staple without worrying about the negative effects on their weight.
These milk with less fat, semi and skimmed, provide an average of 80 calories per 250 ml, however, they provide the same amount of nutrients as whole milk: protein, casein, vitamins (A, D, B, and E), minerals (calcium, phosphorus, iodine, potassium), magnesium and zinc.
The advantages of whole milk
It should be borne in mind, however, that whole milk is attributed to other properties that other types of milk do not have. For example, it has a greater satiating effect than the rest, so it leaves us satisfied for longer and we do not need to overeating.
Contrary to what was believed, in recent years, whole milk has been recommended for slimming diets or because its fat type provides a healthy balance. In addition, it has been shown that milk consumption is not related to an increase in obesity or heart disease.
Whole milk is an essential product not only during childhood but also during other stages of life such as old age, as it helps to combat diseases such as osteoporosis.