One of the contemporary diseases that left its mark on the millennium is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis – a very common thyroid disorder in the United States and other developed countries. Even when treated with medication, symptoms can dramatically affect the quality of life.
Therefore, focus on a healthy thyroid pro-power, turns a good decision that could spare the taking of pharmaceuticals. In this article, let us zoom in on the Hashimoto thyroid diet, the favorable results of which feed the hopes of those concerned.
The Hashimoto thyroid diet: the difference from other eating habits
Following research that shows that diet and lifestyle modifications can dramatically improve symptoms, in addition to standard medications, our editorial shines a spotlight on the Hashimoto Thyroid Diet. Each person with the disease reacts differently to treatment, which is why an individualized approach is of great importance.
Considering a plethora of healthy diets circulating in the media, is there a difference between them and the above mentioned. Among the most popular in recent times, there is the ketogenic diet, certain slimming diets, the gluten-free diet, a “low carb” diet, etc. So, our Hashimoto thyroid diet can be the combination of several elements inherent in other dietary prescriptions.
What is Hashimoto’s disease and why is dieting for hypothyroidism important?
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that gradually destroys thyroid tissue via lymphocytes, which are white blood cells and are part of the immune system.
The butterfly-shaped thyroid is an endocrine gland found at the base of the neck. It secretes hormones that affect almost all organ systems, including the heart, lungs, skeleton, and digestive and central nervous systems. Metabolism and growth also depend on it.
The main hormones secreted by the thyroid are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) which are damaged, leading to insufficient production of thyroid hormones. Consequently, the improper control of these hormones has a destructive impact on many organs: hair loss, woman’s mustache, weight gain, heartbeat.
How do diet and lifestyle affect Hashimoto?
After finding that their symptoms persist even with medication, many people choose to change their lifestyle and diet, as inflammation is often diet-related. Also, those with symptoms do not receive medication unless they have altered hormone levels.
Diet and lifestyle changes are undoubtedly key to lowering your risk for other conditions. This is because people with Hashimoto’s disease are susceptible to developing autoimmune diseases, high cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes.
If you are daring to cut out certain foods, initiate supplementation, and make lifestyle changes, it will dramatically improve symptoms and the quality of your daily life. The resulting changes can reduce inflammation, slow or prevent thyroid damage caused by high thyroid antibodies, as well as manage body weight, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels.
Hashimoto Gluten-Free Diet: Evidence-Based Diet Tips
Since people with Hashimoto are more likely to have celiac disease, they should be screened for it first. This will allow them to start a gluten-free and grain-free diet promptly. In a 6-month study of 34 women with Hashimoto’s disease, a gluten-free diet reduced thyroid antibody levels while improving thyroid function and vitamin D levels, compared to a control group.
When following a gluten-free diet, you should avoid all wheat, barley, and rye products. For example, most pasta, bread, sauces, and soybean oil contain gluten, although there are healthy alternatives. A grain-free Hashimoto thyroid diet is more restrictive than a gluten-free diet because it prohibits all grain-based foods. While this dietary change may also offer benefits, the research to support it is limited.
The autoimmune protocol diet
The Autoimmune Protocol (AIP) regimen is designed for people with autoimmune diseases. It removes potentially harmful foods like grains, dairy products, nightshades, added sugar, coffee, legumes, eggs, alcohol, nuts, seeds, refined sugars, oils, and food additives.
In a 10-week study of 16 women with Hashimoto’s disease, the AIP diet led to significant improvements in quality of life scores and a significant decrease in levels of the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP ). Although these results are promising, longer studies are needed. Keep in mind that the AIP diet should be phased out and should be prescribed and monitored by an experienced healthcare practitioner.
Consider avoiding dairy products
Lactose intolerance was detected in 80% of 83 women with Hashimoto’s disease, observed in a relevant study. If you suspect lactose intolerance, removing dairy products may ward off digestive issues, as well as help thyroid function and medication absorption. Keep in mind that this strategy may not work for everyone, as some people with Hashimoto are very tolerant of dairy products. Focus on anti-inflammatory foods
Since inflammation can be a driver of hypothyroid disease, an anti-inflammatory Hashimoto thyroid diet rich in fruits and vegetables can dramatically improve symptoms. Based on a study of 218 women with the disease, experts found that markers of oxidative stress (a condition that causes chronic inflammation), were lower in those who ate fruits and vegetables more frequently. vegetables. In any case, these, spices and oily fish are just a few examples of foods with powerful anti-inflammatory properties.
Complete Nutrient-Rich Diets
Eating a diet low in added sugar and highly processed foods but high in whole foods and nutrients can improve your health, manage your weight, and reduce symptoms related to Hashimoto.
When possible, prepare meals at home using nutritious foods like vegetables, fruits, protein, healthy fats, and high-fiber carbohydrates. This list offers powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks its own healthy tissue. This response is called autoimmunity and causes severe inflammation (painful swelling) that attacks the lining of the joints. RA can affect other organs as well, including the skin, eyes, and heart. Research shows that people with RA are more likely to develop underactive thyroid, including hypothyroidism and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. And that link seems to go both ways, as those affected have a higher risk of RA. That said, the correlation between the two is indisputable and hence the conclusion that a Hashimoto thyroiditis diet should promote the treatment of joint and muscle pain.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and weight gain
Staying committed to living a healthy life with Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis means combining several things: prescribed medications and supplements, exercise routine, and diet changes. No doubt, this requires time, effort, and serious commitment.
Even though fatigue has been with you for years, you can fight it by creating an exercise routine to rebound your energy levels.
Everyone is different anyway, and the right treatment, diet, and exercise programs depend on the individual. If you are 100% committed and find a doctor who will treat Hashimoto holistically, you will see changes faster. For all of this to work in your favor, the specialist should check for antibodies early on, not just when hypothyroidism has been established.
Top 5 Supplements for Hashimoto
Now let’s take a look at the 5 best supplements for Hashimoto and the complex web that affects thyroid health.
Each probiotic strain plays a unique role in the body. Saccharomyces boulardii does not colonize the intestinal wall. Instead, it passes through the gastrointestinal tract protecting against pathogens and infections such as H. pylori which have been linked to Hashimoto’s disease. This probiotic also reduces inflammation, directs T cells to support thyroid function, and facilitates the intestinal conversion of T4 to T3.
Iodine with selenium
Did you know that iodine deficiency is the leading cause of hypothyroidism worldwide? Selenium, on the other hand, helps balance the body’s iodine levels. Most patients who cannot tolerate iodine simply have a selenium deficiency. It is important to note, however, that a minority of patients cannot tolerate iodine even with selenium supplementation.
To learn more about iodine dosage, the recommended 24-hour urine load test can determine its levels. Also, by balancing iodine, selenium helps the liver convert T4 to T3 and reverse T3 degrades. It also decreases autoimmunity and inflammation. For these reasons and more, selenium supplementation is universally recommended for thyroid health whether or not iodine is tolerated.
Vitamin D3 + K2
Low levels of vitamin D3 aren’t just associated with hypothyroidism – they worsen disease and other autoimmune disorders in general. Vitamin D3 helps regulate T cells and is also anti-inflammatory. Yet, it also needs vitamins A and K2, to support calcium regulation and prevent D3 toxicity.
Zinc helps convert T4 to T3 and its lack is associated with poor T3 conversion. It is also anti-inflammatory, reduces antibodies, and strengthens the immune system. We recommend 30 to 60 mg per day. If you have been prescribed the higher dose, take half with breakfast and half with dinner. You can get it through foods rich in zinc.
Vitamins of group B
Since two metabolic pathways in the liver affect the uptake of thyroid hormones, vitamin B6 and magnesium help support these liver functions and detoxification.
Normal, healthy brain function relies on vitamin B6. Because leaky gut is often associated with thyroid conditions and the gut-brain axis is well known, many people with thyroid problems also notice “foggy brain” symptoms.
Most, if not all, thyroid patients suffer from adrenal fatigue. Holistic practitioners often prescribe an adrenal supplement that includes vitamin B6. As this can restore normal cortisol and energy levels, as well as improve sleep, reduced inflammation can be expected.
Vitamin B12 supplementation often improves energy levels and mental cognition.
Other dietary advice
Some research indicates that low-carb diets can reduce body weight and thyroid antibodies in people with Hashimoto’s disease. These special diets provide 12-15% of daily calories from carbohydrates and limit goitrogenic foods.
Goitrogens are substances found in cruciferous vegetables and soy products that can interfere with the production of thyroid hormones. However, cruciferous vegetables are very nutritious and cooking decreases their goitrogenic activity.
Thus, they are unlikely to interfere with thyroid function unless consumed in very large amounts. Some evidence suggests that soy harms thyroid function, so many people with Hashimoto choose to avoid soy products. Nonetheless, more research is needed.